Comments: These mainland China grandparents had flown to the States for the birth of their first grandchild. In China grandparents traditionally bath the new baby. This bath was underway in the apartment's narrow entry hallway. I used a wide 24mm lens to squeeze everything in but not distort too much. A ceiling bounced on-camera flash was a good quick-and-dirty solution for evenly lighting the scene. The space was small, the ceiling low, the walls white - ideal bounce conditions - so little power was required, the flash recharged rapidly and I was able to get a dozen or so good exposures.
For most bounce flash situation use an "auto" camera exposure setting such as S, A or P (for DSLR's) and a "multi-pattern" camera meter setting (not spot) so the camera and flash can evaluate a wide set of exposure parameters. Set your flash to the usual auto TTL setting. Usually this will get the job done well enough. I used M (manual camera exposure setting) in this photo out of entrenched habit.
My experience is that often scenes are underexposed with bounce flash so I routinely add one stop of flash compensation. If the ceiling height is excessive then even more comp may be needed. Experimenting with bounce flash in different settings is a must - different camera / flash combinations give varying results, as do different ceiling heights and room dimensions. This picture was taken in a small space with low ceilings but I still boosted the flash by 1 stop. HC
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